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Best Green Building Concept | Green Concepts In Buildings

We are all conscious of the complete climate change, which can be perceived easily by everyone who is a part of nature. The atmosphere is getting hotter - summer comes earlier in most of the continents, together with Europe & America. The water levels are rising and the Maldives is sinking. Rivers, just corresponding to the Amazon, the Nile, the Danube, etc., are withering or are in the state of regress several meters every year. However, it is not just happening somewhere else, but similarly, it is happening in India. The glaciers feeding water for the Ganga are melting quicker than they ought to. It mentions the Ganga could dry up in another about 60 years approximately. This can leave over 50 million people thirsty who live on the banks. Mangrove forests of the Sunderban, the threat of dipping on Sagardeep, the 4th biggest of the prevailing Island. This is all due to the generation of Greenhouse gases (GHG), & the water level is rising.

Green Building Concept:

As the development of human beings is an ever-changing process correspondingly, residential development is also one of the most significant factors. As for the fact, the building industry is producing the second-largest amount of Demolition Waste & GHG (almost 40%). Buildings have substantial environmental impacts over their entire life cycle. Resources like ground cover, forests, water, & energy are depleted to construct & operate amenities which are polluting the environment & increasing (GHG).

Green building denotes to both a structure & therefore the application of procedures that are environmentally accountable & resource-efficient throughout a building's lifespan: from getting to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, & demolition. This needs close cooperation of the contractor, the architects, the engineers, & therefore the client in the least project phases. The Green Building practice magnifies & supplements the classical building design concerns of economy, utility, durability, & luxury. In doing so, the three magnitudes of sustainability, i.e., planet, people & profit across the whole supply chain got to be considered.

The first consumption of energy in buildings is during construction & later in lighting or air-conditioning systems. While, various amenities like lighting, air-con, water heating provide comfort to putting together occupants, but also consume a tremendous amount of energy & increase pollution. Further, occupant activities generate an excessive amount of concrete & water waste also.

With the residential development, the Green buildings are intended in such a way as to reduce the overall impact on the environment & human health by:

  • Reducing trash, pollution & degradation of the domain.
  • Efficiently using energy, water & other resources.
  • Protecting occupant health & improving productivity.

Green Buildings in India:

Ecological Residential architecture is the type of residential architecture that strives to minimise the detrimental influence that constructions have on the environment. Such sustainably built green buildings are ecologically responsible & resource-efficient, right from location selection to the knocking down after its lifespan ends. A green building uses less energy, water, & other natural resources generates less waste & greenhouse gases & is in fine fettle for people living or working inside as equated to a regular construction and all this is because of the structural design of the Green Building.

Building green is not about a slight more efficiency. It is about creating buildings that enhance the use of local materials, local ecology & most significantly; they are built to reduce power, water & material requirements. Therefore, if these things are kept in mind, then we will understand that our traditional architecture was in fact, very green. Rendering to TERI guesses, if all buildings in Indian urban areas were made to embrace green building concepts, India might perhaps save more than 8,400 megawatts of power, which is sufficient to light 550,000 homes a year. There are five vital principles of Green Building:

  1. Justifiable Location Design
  • Create minimum urban sprawl & prevent the needless destruction of valuable land, habitat & open space
  • Reassure higher density urban development as a way to preserve valuable green space
  • Preserve critical environmental assets through careful examination of each site

 

  1. Water Quality & Conservation
  • Preserve the existing natural water cycle & design the site so that they closely emulate the site's biological, hydrological systems
  • Emphasis on retention of stormwater & on-site infiltration as well as groundwater revitalising
  • Minimalise the inefficient use of potable water on the site while making the most of the recycling & reuse of water, including rainwater harvesting, stormwater, & greywater.

 

  1. Energy & Atmosphere
  • Minimalize adverse impact on the environment through optimised building siting & design, material selection, & aggressive use of energy conservation measures
  • Maximise the use of renewable energy & other low impact energy sources
  • Building performance should exceed the minimum International Energy Code (IEC) compliance level by 30-40%.

 

  1. Interior Environmental Eminence
  • Provide a healthy, comfortable & productive interior environment for building inhabitants
  • Make use of the best possible conditions in terms of indoor air quality, ventilation, & thermal comfort, access to natural ventilation & daylighting.

 

  1. Constituents & Resources
  • Minimise the use of non-renewable construction materials through efficient engineering & construction, & effective recycling of construction debris
  • Maximise the use of recycled materials, modern energy-efficient engineered materials, & resource-efficient composite type structural systems as well as sustainably managed, biomass materials
  • Sufficient technical background & an understanding of green building practices are needed for implementing these fundamental principles so that a building can be considered an indeed "green building". ITC Royal Gardenia Bengaluru, CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre, & Suzlon One Earth, Pune are several of the initial green buildings built in India with complete modern interior design.

Benefits of Green Building Materials:

Green building materials deliver several or all of the following benefits to the building owner & building occupants:

  • Condensed repairs/replacement charges over the life of the building
  • Energy preservation
  • Enhanced occupant health & productivity
  • Life cycle cost savings
  • Lower costs associated with changing space configurations.
  • Greater design flexibility
  • Green buildings are designed to be healthier & have a more pleasant working environment. Workplace potentials that advance the environment & which help in developing the knowledge of workers & may also reduce stress & lead to longer lives for multidisciplinary teams.
  • Reduced energy & water consumption without sacrificing the comfort level.
  • Significantly, better lighting quality including more daylighting, better daylight harvesting & use of shading, greater occupancy control over light levels & less glare.
  • Improved thermal comfort & better ventilation.
  • Limited waste generation due to the recycling process & reuse.
  • Increase the productivity of workers & machines. It is stated that productivity can be increased by about 25 per cent while following such greenhouse norms.
  • Attracting & retaining the best employees can be linked to the benefits & qualities of workers receive, including the physical, environmental & technological aspects.
  • Green building activities result in a reduction in operating costs by 25-30 per cent.

Green Building Certifying Agencies:

Various certifying agencies help to build developers to implement these principles & get the green certification. Some of them are:

  • LEED India: LEED is an acronym for 'Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design', which is an internationally recognised certification system for green buildings. The LEED India Green Building Rating System is an international benchmark for the structure design, construction & operation of high-performance green buildings (delivered by IGBC) and urban development.
  • IGBC Ratings: The Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) is a division of the Confederation of Indian Industry that works closely with the government & aims at the sustainably constructed environment. It bids four levels of rating for new buildings that are valid for three years: Certified, Silver, Gold, & Platinum. Separately from new building certification, the 'IGBC Green Existing Building O&M Rating System' presented for applying sustainable notions for existing buildings.
  • BEE ECBC: The Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) was recognised by the Indian Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) to set energy competence standards for structure design & construction of buildings.
  • TERI GRIHA: The Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment is a national rating system for green buildings that are adopted while designing & evaluating new buildings.

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